This website uses Cookies to provide you with the best possible service. Please see our Privacy Policy for more information. Click the check box below to accept cookies. Then confirm with a click on "Save".  

Routing


Creating a Route

Routing files

All routing information are written in php files in your module's routing folder. All *.php files in the routing folder will be load at start.

Schema

modules/{Module}/etc/routing/

If your module is Foo, then this is your routing folder

modules/Foo/etc/routing/;

per default you see these contents

modules/Foo/etc/routing/
└── frontend.php

individual routing files
you can create you own *.php routing file, for example foo.php and edit your route in that file.

If you want to create routes for an API, it then makes sense to create a file called api.php and write all your api routes inside that file.

writing a Route

You declare a route with Command \MVC\Route:

\MVC\Route::{METHOD}(path, targetController, additionalInformation)
  • {METHOD}: one of the RESTful request methods GET, POST, PUT, DELETE; you declare which RESTful request method is expected for this route
  • path: url path
  • targetController: the Controller::method the route leads to
  • additionalInformation [optional]: any information you may need to process in your target controller (or elsewhere)

Example

Open the file frontend.php - beneath the existing rule, add your own.

example: already existing route '/'

\MVC\Route::GET('/', 'module=Foo&c=Index&m=index', $oDTRoutingAdditional->getPropertyJson());

To keep it simple at start, just copy the existing route of '/' and add it beneath as route '/foo/'.

add new route '/foo/'

\MVC\Route::GET('/foo/', 'module=Foo&c=Index&m=index', $oDTRoutingAdditional->getPropertyJson());

Assuming you are running myMVC's local development server, you can then call the url http://127.0.0.1:1969/foo/

Naming the target controller

You can name the target controller in two ways.

query notation

historically conditioned you can still name it with the myMVC's query notation

\MVC\Route::GET('/foo/', 'module=Foo&c=Index&m=index');
  • request method here is GET
  • path is /foo/
  • targetController: leads to => Module Foo (module), Controller Index (c), Method index (m) => (which is Class::method \Foo\Controller\Index::index)

controller::method notation

You can also name the target controller and method info by its class and method names itself.
⚠ Requirement: It has to be a MVC Controller.

\MVC\Route::GET('/foo/', '\Foo\Controller\Index::index');
  • request method here is GET
  • path is /foo/
  • targetController: leads to Class::method \Foo\Controller\Index::index

Adding additional context information to route

You can add any information to the route as long as it is a string or any other type that could be encoded to JSON - type array for example.

The information you add to your route will be json_encode() and therefore stored as JSON. When you read the additional information you get JSON.

Simple Examples

\MVC\Route::GET('/foo/', '\Foo\Controller\Index::index', 'Hello World');
\MVC\Route::GET('/foo/', '\Foo\Controller\Index::index', [1, 'foo', 'bar']);

More complex Example

In the example frontend.php you see a DataType Class $oDTRoutingAdditional of Type \Foo\DataType\DTRoutingAdditional. This class is generated by myMVC's DataType Generator; see /3.x/generating-datatype-classes for more Information.

The information stored in this DataType Class will be accessed by the View Class as they are necessary for setting up the View correctly.

As we noted earlier, the additional information you want to add to your route have to be string or any other type that could be encoded to JSON. Luckily the DataType class per default has a method to serve its contents as JSON:

$oDTRoutingAdditional->getPropertyJson()

Example object DTRoutingAdditional

$oDTRoutingAdditional = \Foo\DataType\DTRoutingAdditional::create()
    ->set_sTitle('Foo')
    ->set_sLayout('Frontend/layout/index.tpl')
    ->set_sMainmenu('Frontend/layout/menu.tpl')
    ->set_sContent('Frontend/content/index.tpl')
    ->set_sHeader('Frontend/layout/header.tpl')
    ->set_sNoscript('Frontend/content/_noscript.tpl')
    ->set_sCookieConsent('Frontend/content/_cookieConsent.tpl')
    ->set_sFooter('Frontend/layout/footer.tpl')
    ->set_aStyle(array (
        '/myMVC/assets/bootstrap-4.4.1-dist/css/bootstrap.min.css',
        '/myMVC/assets/font-awesome-4.7.0/css/font-awesome.min.css',
        '/myMVC/styles/myMVC.min.css',
    ))
    ->set_aScript(array (
        '/myMVC/assets/jquery/3.4.1/jquery-3.4.1.min.js',
        '/myMVC/assets/jquery-cookie/1.4.1/jquery.cookie.min.js',
        '/myMVC/assets/bootstrap-4.4.1-dist/js/bootstrap.min.js',
        '/myMVC/scripts/cookieConsent.min.js',
    ));

Example route

\MVC\Route::GET(
    '/foo/', 
    '\Foo\Controller\Index::index', 
    $oDTRoutingAdditional->getPropertyJson()
);

Wildcard routing

per default all routings are restricitv

Example

\MVC\Route::GET('/foo/', 'module=Foo&c=Index&m=foo');

you can only request

  • /foo/

you cannot request e.g.

  • /foo/bar/

activating wildcard routing
therefore, just add * after the path: '/foo/*'.

\MVC\Route::GET('/foo/*', 'module=Foo&c=Index&m=foo');

now you can request each of these url paths

  • /foo/
  • /foo/bar/
  • /foo/bar/baz/...

Routing with Path Params / Variables

You can define Routes with Variables.
This you can do in one of two ways:

  1. :var notation: e.g. '/api/:id/:name/:address/'
  2. {var} notation: e.g. '/api/{id}/{name}/{address}/'

You cannot mix these notations; Use one or the other for defining your routes.
All variables you declare in your route are accessible by name.

Examples

# :var notation
\MVC\Route::GET('/api/:id/:name/:address/', 'module=Foo&c=Api&m=index');
# {var} notation
\MVC\Route::GET('/api/{id}/{name}/{address}/', 'module=Foo&c=Api&m=index');

Valid Requests:

  • /api/1/Foo/Bar/
  • /api/1969/FooBar/Somwhere%20else/

Example with activating wildcard routing

\MVC\Route::GET('/api/:id/:name/:address/*', 'module=Foo&c=Api&m=index');

Valid Requests:

  • /api/1/Foo/Bar/what/else/
  • /api/1969/FooBar/Somwhere%20else/what/else/

Access the Variables


Working with Routes

Get all routes

Get routes array

Simply access the public property $aRoute of class Route. It will give you an associative array where its values are objects of type MVC\DataType\DTRoute.

Command

/** @var MVC\DataType\DTRoute[] $aRoute */
$aRoute = Route::$aRoute;

Example Result of $aRoute (shortened)

array(2) {
  ["/"]=>
  object(MVC\DataType\DTRoute)#15 (9) {
    ["path":protected]=>string(1) "/"
    ["method":protected]=>string(3) "GET"
    ["query":protected]=>string(30) "module=Foo&c=Index&m=index"
    ["class":protected]=>string(24) "Foo\Controller\Index"
    ["classFile":protected]=>string(128) "/var/www/myMVC/modules/Foo/Controller/Index.php"
    ["module":protected]=>string(7) "Foo"
    ["c":protected]=>string(5) "Index"
    ["m":protected]=>string(5) "index"
    ["additional":protected]=>string(733) "{"sTitle":"Foo","sLayout":"Frontend\/layout\/index.tpl","sMainmenu":"Frontend\/layout\/menu.tpl","sContent":"Frontend\/content\/index.tpl","sHeader":"Frontend\/layout\/header.tpl","sNoscript":"Frontend\/content\/_noscript.tpl","sCookieConsent":"Frontend\/content\/_cookieConsent.tpl","sFooter":"Frontend\/layout\/footer.tpl","aStyle":["\/myMVC\/assets\/bootstrap-4.4.1-dist\/css\/bootstrap.min.css","\/myMVC\/assets\/font-awesome-4.7.0\/css\/font-awesome.min.css","\/myMVC\/styles\/myMVC.min.css"],"aScript":["\/myMVC\/assets\/jquery\/3.4.1\/jquery-3.4.1.min.js","\/myMVC\/assets\/jquery-cookie\/1.4.1\/jquery.cookie.min.js","\/myMVC\/assets\/bootstrap-4.4.1-dist\/js\/bootstrap.min.js","\/myMVC\/scripts\/cookieConsent.min.js"]}"
  }
  ["/404/"]=>
  object(MVC\DataType\DTRoute)#17 (9) {
   ...
 }
}

Get array stacked by request methods

Access the public property $aMethod to get an array of route indeces stacked by request method.

Command

$aMethod = Route::$aMethod;

Example Result of $aMethod

array(2) {
  ["put"]=>array(1) {
    [0]=>string(20) "/api/1.0.0/user/:id/"
  }
  ["get"]=>array(3) {
    [0]=>string(1) "/"
    [1]=>string(5) "/404/"
    [2]=>string(25) "/api/:id/:name/:address/*"
  }
}

Get a route

Get current route

this will give you the current route object to the requested url path.

Example request

  • /api/1/Foo/Bar/what/else/

Command

$oDTRoute = \MVC\Route::getCurrent();

Example Result of $oDTRoute

object(MVC\DataType\DTRoute)#19 (9) {
  ["path":protected]=>string(25) "/api/:id/:name/:address/*"
  ["method":protected]=>string(3) "GET"
  ["query":protected]=>string(30) "module=Foo&c=Api&m=index"
  ["class":protected]=>string(24) "Foo\Controller\Api"
  ["classFile":protected]=>string(128) "/var/www/myMVC/modules/Foo/Controller/Api.php"
  ["module":protected]=>string(7) "Foo"
  ["c":protected]=>string(5) "Index"
  ["m":protected]=>string(5) "index"
  ["additional":protected]=>string(727) "{"sTitle":"API","sLayout":"Frontend\/layout\/index.tpl","sMainmenu":"Frontend\/layout\/menu.tpl","sContent":"Frontend\/content\/foo.tpl","sHeader":"Frontend\/layout\/header.tpl","sNoscript":"Frontend\/content\/_noscript.tpl","sCookieConsent":"Frontend\/content\/_cookieConsent.tpl","sFooter":"Frontend\/layout\/footer.tpl","aStyle":["\/myMVC\/assets\/bootstrap-4.4.1-dist\/css\/bootstrap.min.css","\/myMVC\/assets\/font-awesome-4.7.0\/css\/font-awesome.min.css","\/myMVC\/styles\/myMVC.min.css"],"aScript":["\/myMVC\/assets\/jquery\/3.4.1\/jquery-3.4.1.min.js","\/myMVC\/assets\/jquery-cookie\/1.4.1\/jquery.cookie.min.js","\/myMVC\/assets\/bootstrap-4.4.1-dist\/js\/bootstrap.min.js","\/myMVC\/scripts\/cookieConsent.min.js"]}"
}

As the Result is an object of type MVC\DataType\DTRoute you can access all its properties by getter.

Example

$sClass = \MVC\Route::getCurrent()->get_class();

Example Result of $sClass

Foo\Controller\Api

Get any route

you can get any route object by accessing public $aRoute from class Route.

Command

// we want the route object of route /404/
$oRoute = \MVC\Route::$aRoute['/404/'];

Example Result of $oRoute

object(MVC\DataType\DTRoute)#17 (9) {
  ["path":protected]=>string(5) "/404/"
  ["method":protected]=>string(3) "GET"
  ["query":protected]=>string(33) "module=Foo&c=Index&m=notFound"
  ["class":protected]=>string(24) "Foo\Controller\Index"
  ["classFile":protected]=>string(128) "/var/www/myMVC/modules/Foo/Controller/Index.php"
  ["module":protected]=>string(7) "Foo"
  ["c":protected]=>string(5) "Index"
  ["m":protected]=>string(8) "notFound"
  ["additional":protected]=>string(727) "{"sTitle":"404","sLayout":"Frontend\/layout\/index.tpl","sMainmenu":"Frontend\/layout\/menu.tpl","sContent":"Frontend\/content\/404.tpl","sHeader":"Frontend\/layout\/header.tpl","sNoscript":"Frontend\/content\/_noscript.tpl","sCookieConsent":"Frontend\/content\/_cookieConsent.tpl","sFooter":"Frontend\/layout\/footer.tpl","aStyle":["\/myMVC\/assets\/bootstrap-4.4.1-dist\/css\/bootstrap.min.css","\/myMVC\/assets\/font-awesome-4.7.0\/css\/font-awesome.min.css","\/myMVC\/styles\/myMVC.min.css"],"aScript":["\/myMVC\/assets\/jquery\/3.4.1\/jquery-3.4.1.min.js","\/myMVC\/assets\/jquery-cookie\/1.4.1\/jquery.cookie.min.js","\/myMVC\/assets\/bootstrap-4.4.1-dist\/js\/bootstrap.min.js","\/myMVC\/scripts\/cookieConsent.min.js"]}"
}

As the Result is an object of type MVC\DataType\DTRoute you can access all its properties by getter.

Example

$sClass = \MVC\Route::$aRoute['/404/']->get_class();

Example Result of $sClass

Foo\Controller\Index

Accessing additional context information

Get the additional context information of the current route

Command

$sAdditional = \MVC\Route::getCurrent()->get_additional()

Example Result of $sAdditional (JSON)

{"sTitle":"Foo","sLayout":"Frontend\/layout\/index.tpl","sMainmenu":"Frontend\/layout\/menu.tpl","sContent":"Frontend\/content\/index.tpl","sHeader":"Frontend\/layout\/header.tpl","sNoscript":"Frontend\/content\/_noscript.tpl","sCookieConsent":"Frontend\/content\/_cookieConsent.tpl","sFooter":"Frontend\/layout\/footer.tpl","aStyle":["\/myMVC\/assets\/bootstrap-4.4.1-dist\/css\/bootstrap.min.css","\/myMVC\/assets\/font-awesome-4.7.0\/css\/font-awesome.min.css","\/myMVC\/styles\/myMVC.min.css"],"aScript":["\/myMVC\/assets\/jquery\/3.4.1\/jquery-3.4.1.min.js","\/myMVC\/assets\/jquery-cookie\/1.4.1\/jquery.cookie.min.js","\/myMVC\/assets\/bootstrap-4.4.1-dist\/js\/bootstrap.min.js","\/myMVC\/scripts\/cookieConsent.min.js"]}

Get the additional context information of any route

Therefore access the public property $aRoute directly with the path of the route of your interest. It will give you an object of Type MVC\DataType\DTRoute, which allows you to access its method get_additional().

Command

$sAdditional = \MVC\Route::$aRoute['/404/']->get_additional()

Example Result of $sAdditional (JSON)

{"sTitle":"404","sLayout":"Frontend\/layout\/index.tpl","sMainmenu":"Frontend\/layout\/menu.tpl","sContent":"Frontend\/content\/404.tpl","sHeader":"Frontend\/layout\/header.tpl","sNoscript":"Frontend\/content\/_noscript.tpl","sCookieConsent":"Frontend\/content\/_cookieConsent.tpl","sFooter":"Frontend\/layout\/footer.tpl","aStyle":["\/myMVC\/assets\/bootstrap-4.4.1-dist\/css\/bootstrap.min.css","\/myMVC\/assets\/font-awesome-4.7.0\/css\/font-awesome.min.css","\/myMVC\/styles\/myMVC.min.css"],"aScript":["\/myMVC\/assets\/jquery\/3.4.1\/jquery-3.4.1.min.js","\/myMVC\/assets\/jquery-cookie\/1.4.1\/jquery.cookie.min.js","\/myMVC\/assets\/bootstrap-4.4.1-dist\/js\/bootstrap.min.js","\/myMVC\/scripts\/cookieConsent.min.js"]}

Converting JSON back to object

You first have to convert that JSON Result into array.
Then put that array into its DataType create method.

Command

$oDTRoutingAdditional = \Foo\DataType\DTRoutingAdditional::create(
    json_decode(\MVC\Route::$aRoute['/404/']->get_additional(), true)
)

Example Result of $oDTRoutingAdditional

object(Foo\DataType\DTRoutingAdditional)#66 (10) {
  ["sTitle":protected]=>string(3) "404"
  ["sLayout":protected]=>string(25) "Frontend/layout/index.tpl"
  ["sMainmenu":protected]=>string(24) "Frontend/layout/menu.tpl"
  ["sContent":protected]=>string(24) "Frontend/content/404.tpl"
  ["sHeader":protected]=>string(26) "Frontend/layout/header.tpl"
  ["sNoscript":protected]=>string(30) "Frontend/content/_noscript.tpl"
  ["sCookieConsent":protected]=>string(35) "Frontend/content/_cookieConsent.tpl"
  ["sFooter":protected]=>string(26) "Frontend/layout/footer.tpl"
  ["aStyle":protected]=>
  array(3) {
    [0]=>string(56) "/myMVC/assets/bootstrap-4.4.1-dist/css/bootstrap.min.css"
    [1]=>string(57) "/myMVC/assets/font-awesome-4.7.0/css/font-awesome.min.css"
    [2]=>string(27) "/myMVC/styles/myMVC.min.css"
  }
  ["aScript":protected]=>
  array(4) {
    [0]=>string(46) "/myMVC/assets/jquery/3.4.1/jquery-3.4.1.min.js"
    [1]=>string(54) "/myMVC/assets/jquery-cookie/1.4.1/jquery.cookie.min.js"
    [2]=>string(54) "/myMVC/assets/bootstrap-4.4.1-dist/js/bootstrap.min.js"
    [3]=>string(35) "/myMVC/scripts/cookieConsent.min.js"
  }
}